For All Points-Of-The-View.
schrieb Mulugeta Haile:On the 121st anniversary of the battle of Adwa, I would like tointroduce you to the battle with Emperor Menelik’s fatherlydeclaration of the war and the battle of Amba Lage(Fort Lage), whichis prelude to the battle of Adwa as eloquently described by HisExcellency Belatten-Geta Hiruyi W/Selassie, famous diplomat,philosopher, and author, in his book, ‘The History of Ethiopia fromQueen Saba to the Victory of the battle of Adwa,’“People of my country!
Up until now, God by his grace has allowed me to remain without enemyand to expand our territory. I have ruled up to now, if I die, I willnot regret, as death is for all. So far, God has not let me downbefore my enemy, and he will not fail me in future as well.Now, an oversea enemy has come from the North to destroy the nationwhich God has given us bounded by an ocean and to retain our identityand religion. I will march to fight so prepare with your provisions tofollow me.In my rule, I have not harmed you knowingly, hence for the sake ofyour country, your wife, your children, and your religion, I ask foryour help: those of you who are able bodied with your force, and thoseof you who has wealth with your wealth. Even if you do not havestrength, wealth or anything please help me with your prayers, howeverif you do not follow this command, I swear in the name of ‘St.Mariam’, I will punish you severely on my return.I will leave Addis Ababa in Tekemet (October); People of Showa meet mein Werilu by the middle of Tekemte. Those from Gojam, Begemedir,Dembia, Quara and above Checheho, meet me in Ashengai. People from theNorth, Welkiat and Tegedai meet me in Mekele…….. :”Amba Lage(Fort Lage)“The battle of Ambalage was led by Ras Makonnen as a commander inchief. Ras Makonne and Ras Mikayel on the rear side, Ras Mangesha andRas Alula on the right flank, Ras Wolay on the left, and FetwarariGebeyehu on front headed on horses back each led their army towards tothe Italian trench.To avoid bloodshed, Ras Makonnen wrote the following message to theItalian Major Pietro Toselli, ‘Though I am here to fight, I stilldon’t want bloodshed so I would advise you to lead your camp andretreat. Emperor Menelik with his army is advancing swiftly please letus avoid this preventable war. I have also unanswered letter which Iwrote to your boss, General Oreste Baratieri, I hope your help to getthe answer to my letter.’Major Toselli’s answer was ‘The letter has reached to Geneal Baratieriand his response would come in due course. However, if your intentionis peaceful, you should have waited in your camp for the answer.’Ras Makonnen concluded that peaceful settlement was not attainable anddecided to proceed. Fetawrari Gebyhu’s army advance throughout thenight and at day break it reached at the Italian ditch and the Italianstarted to shoot, and then the long awaited war broke out.When the heavy sound of guns exchanged between Fetawrari Gebyhu’s armyand the Italian, the rest of the Ethiopian army advanced quickly fromall sides to join Fetawrari Gebeyhu. In a few minutes, the Italiantrench was encircled. From the left, as the Ras Wolay’s army pushedforcefully, the Italian army started retreating to the hill and beganto fire the mortar from the distance. From the center, the RasMakonnen’s and Ras Michael’s armies jumped over the trench and dashedto the hill and mixed themselves with the Italian army and foughtfiercely hand in hand with sword and shield. From the right side, RasMangesha’s and Ras Alula’s armies ran into the rear side and began asurprise attack. Within one hour, the Italian army was completelydefeated, and tried to escape, however, the passage was too narrow sothey decided to throw themselves from 400 meters high cliff while onlya few succeeded in escaping and most of them were forced to surrender.Major Toselli was courageous solder and refused to surrender andfought until he was killed. The casualty from both sides were big, theItalian lost about 3 thousands when the Ethiopian was about thousandwith many injured.After victory, the Ethiopian solders assembled themselves in variousgroup and began to weep and cry to morn their dead. When Ras Mekonnenheard the weeping and crying, he chided standing in the middle of hisarmy and saying, ‘My friends, this is not a time to weep but torejoice. It is a great honor to die for our country and for ourEmperor, instead you should address now your heroic deeds,’ upon whichthe mood changed into war song and describing by exhibiting thecaptives and captured weapons.After this, Ras Makonen ordered that all dead bodies should be buried,irrespective of the fact whether they are Ethiopians or Italians. Hepersonally attained the burial ceremony of Major Toselli and heensured that it was done honorably.After he wrote a report to Emperor Menelik, he marched to the nextbattle ground, Mekele. In his report, he mentioned that FetawrariGebeyhu and Kengazmach Taffese have been detained for they hadbreached the principle of the war; they laid their army into battlewith out informing to the Command Center.”What continued in Mekele and Adwa are the history of triumph of theunited people of Ethiopia which sent a message to the Berlinconference that divided the rest of Africa among fifty Europeancountries.The Victory of Adwa could remain as an inspiring example for futuregeneration of Africa and peace loving people at large, that gallantMenelik’s army and generals and soldiers stood firmly in safeguardingtheir beloved country freedom as the cost of their precious lives asthe same time showed generosity to the enemy after attaining thevictory.The torch of Adowa is still burning in the heart of every Ethiopianand the commemoration of this year celebration is highlighted by theyouth in the city of Addis Ababa dressing like Emperor Menelike andEmpress Taiyetu.Happy 121st anniversary!~~-------- Original message --------
From: Peter Joachim <email@example.com>
Date:03/10/2017 10:37 AM (GMT+03:00)
To: Mulugeta Haile <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: Re: The 121ST anniversary of the Victory of AdwaThank you Mulugeta!~
Joseph in Ethiopia informed me in 1995 when I spoke with him by phone, that any journalist who seeks to write the truth is incarcerated, adding that all journalists are in jail. We have the CIA to thank for that because it is controlling at least Ethiopia today, and likely all of Africa. I don't call that freedom. Sad for Ethiopia.
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